Hunt, Arthur Roope


Published in DA Transactions, 1915.


Mr. Hunt was descended from an old Devonshire family who had resided for generations in or near Dartmouth. He was the son of Mr. Arthur Hunt, a partner in the firm of Messrs. Hunt, Roope and Teage, wine exporters of Oporto, where Arthur Roope Hunt was born on 8th January, 1843, but which place, owing to a revolution endangering the lives of British residents, he left, with his parents, in a British war vessel, when eight or nine years of age. His family settled in Torquay in 1852, and he was educated by the Rev. Townsend Warner, matriculating at Trinity College, Cambridge, at the age of 18, where he took his degree of M.A. in 1864, and was afterwards called to the Bar by the Hon. Society of the Inner Temple, though he never practised. He was elected a Fellow of the Geological Society in 1870, and in 1884 became a Fellow of the Linnean Society.

After spending a few years in the business house of a cousin in London, he settled in Torquay, at Southwood, and devoted himself for the remainder of his life to many and diverse pursuits, but chiefly to those of a scientific nature. His contributions to geological literature were numerous and varied, and among his many writings may be mentioned a series of valuable papers dealing with the age of Dartmoor granites and the Devonshire schists. He was an authority also on the formation of ripple-mark, on coast erosion, and wave-action on sea-beaches and sea-bottoms, and in particular on the raised beaches and the submerged forest of Torbay, and the submarine geology of the English Channel. The products of his fertile pen appeared in the Transactions of the Devonshire Association, in the Geological Magazine, the Journal of the Torquay Natural History Society, in the Proceedings of the Royal Dublin Society, of the Linnean Society, of the British Association, and in the Westminster Review. His first contribution to the Trans. Devon. Assoc, was written in 1873 on some gold coins found, in 1869, at Blackpool, near Dartmouth. Altogether he published nearly one hundred papers in the Transactions of various learned societies, while his letters on scientific and general subjects, which appeared in the Torquay Directory and other newspapers, probably reached several hundreds. His paper on ” Ripple-mark ” was read by Lord Rayleigh before the Royal Society in 1882.

Among his school and college fellows were Lord Rayleigh and Field-Marshal Lord Grenfell, and in manhood he numbered among his most intimate scientific friends, William Pengelly, Philip Henry Gosse, John Edward Lee, E. B. Tawney, Daniel Pidgeon, R. N. Worth, Arthur Champernowne, W. A. E. Ussher, A. J. Jukes-Browne, Alexander Somervail, and the Revs. T. R. R. Stebbing and G. F. Whidborne.

In company with William Pengelly he devoted much time to the exploration of Kent’s Cavern and wrote many papers thereon, and later, with the co-operation of Adam Corrie and W. Bruce-Clarke, he explored the cave at Borness, Kirkcudbrightshire, a description of which, together with six plates from photographs by A. R. Hunt, appears in the Pros. of the Society of Antiquaries of Scotland, vol. x., 1873-74.

Mr. Hunt became a life member of the Devonshire Association in 1868, and was one of the largest contributors to its Transactions, and one of its most valued members, and the loss his death occasions will be most keenly felt by its members.

But Mr. Hunt’s attainments were not limited to science alone, for he was a clever boat sailer, a good shot and golfer, an enthusiastic musician, an accomplished photographer, and displayed much knowledge of engineering. He had been a member of the Royal Dart Yacht Club, Captain of the Torquay Golf Club, and Captain of the Miniature Rifle Club at Torquay. He was also past President of the Torquay Natural History Society, one of the founders and managers of its museum, and a frequent benefactor, and, on no less than three occasions, he was offered the office of President of the Devonshire Association, an honour which he found himself unable to accept.

Mr. Hunt married Miss Gumbleton, of County Waterford, who survives him together with a son, Mr. C. A. Hunt, barrister-at-law, and Member of the Royal Society of British Artists, and a daughter, who is the wife of Mr. Ernest Smith, the Yorkshire cricketer. Another daughter, Miss Muriel Hunt, famed as a painter of cats, died in 1910.

Mr. A. R. Hunt died on 19 December, 1914, in his 72nd year.

Papers published in DA’s Transactions

Year  Vol.Pages
1873A. R. HuntOn some Gold Coins found at Blackpool, near Dartmouth, in 18696 pt 1197-199
1877Arthur Roope HuntOn Some Large Aplysiae Taken in Torbay in 18759400-403
1878Arthur Roope huntNotes on Torbay10182-195
1878Arthur Roope HuntOn the Growth of Aplysiae in Torbay10611-617
1879Arthur Roope HuntOn a Granite Block from the Salcombe Fishing Grounds11311-318
1880Arthur R. HuntNotes on the Submarine Geology of the English Channel off the coast of South Devon12291-303
1881Arthur R. HuntNotes on the Submarine Geology of the English Channel off the Coast of South Devon. Part II13163-172
1881Arthur Roope HuntOn Exposures of the Submerged Forest Clays at Paignton and Blackpool Beaches in April 188113344-350
1883Arthur R. HuntA Reply to a Recent Critique of Notes on the Submarine Geology of the English Channel off the Coast of South Devon. Part II15202-210
1883Arthur R. HuntNotes on the Submarine Geology of the English Channel off the Coast of South Devon. Part III15353-367
1885A. R. HuntNotes on the Submarine Geology of the English Channel off the Coast of South Devon. Part IV17292-297
1887Arthur Roope HuntThe Evidence of the Skerries Shoal on the Wearing of Fine Sands by Waves19498-515
1888Arthur Roope HuntThe Raised Beach on the Thatcher Rock: Its Shells and Their Teaching20225-253
1889Arthur R. HuntOn the Age of the Granites of Dartmoor and the English Channel21238-260
1889Arthur R. HuntNotes on the Submarine Geology of the English Channel off the Coast of South Devon. Part V21460-487
1895A. R. HuntProfessorial and Amateur Research in South Devon27243-296
1896A. R. HuntWest Country Geological Problems28507-532
1897A. R. HuntWest Country Geological Problems29390-424
1900A. R. Hunt“Maister Thomas Hunt, Late Mayor of this Citie of Exeter” [dd 1548]32460-490
1902Arthur R. HuntStart Point to Petitor, and the Drifting of Shingle34482-495
1903A. R. HuntNotes and Comments on the Raised Beaches of Torbay and Sharkham Point35318-337
1904A. R. HuntThirty-five Years’ Natural History Notes: A Retrospect and Anticipation36445-486
1907Arthur R. HuntThe Ripplemark Controversy [physical effects of sea waves]39179-193
1908A. R. HuntTests of Granitic Temperatures40264-275
1909A. R. HuntNotes on the Crystallising Temperature of Cassiterite41290-297
1909A. R. HuntAn Inclusion of Culm Grit in Coarse Granite41320-323
1910A. R. HuntTrowlesworthite and Luxulyanite42413-419
1911Arthur R. HuntModern Science and Marine Wave-Action43293-308
1912Arthur R. HuntAdvancement of Science, Some General Reflections44616-648
1913A. R. HuntTorbay and its Raised Beaches45377-393
1913A. R. HuntOn a New Geological Survey of Dartmoor45394-408